Guidelines for implementation of green manufacturing engineering (2016-2020)
Guidelines for implementation of green manufacturing engineering (2016-2020)
In order to implement the "made in China 2025" and organize the implementation of green manufacturing projects, this guide is formulated.
Green development is an international trend. Resources and environment are the common challenges facing mankind, and sustainable development is increasingly becoming the global consensus. Especially under the background of tackling the international financial crisis and climate change, promote green growth, the implementation of green New Deal is the world's major economies to select, develop green economy, conquers the highest position in the future global competition has become a national important strategy. Developed countries have implemented the strategy of "industrialization", reshape the new manufacturing competitive advantage, clean, efficient, low carbon, circulation and other green concept, improve the influence of the policies and regulations, resources, energy efficiency become the important factor of measuring national manufacturing industry competitiveness, green trade barrier has become some countries seeking an important means of competitive advantage.
Green manufacturing is an important content of ecological civilization construction. Industrialization society has created the huge wealth and improve the people's material life level, but also consumed a lot of resources, brought great pressure to the ecological environment, the influence to further improve the quality of life of people. Pushing forward the construction of the ecological civilization requires building high technology content, low resources consumption, little environmental pollution of the green manufacturing system, promote green production mode, actively cultivate strategic emerging industries such as energy conservation, environmental protection, increase green products supply, advocate green consumption, effectively reduce the development of resources and environment cost.
Green manufacturing is the only way for industrial transformation and upgrading. In China as a manufacturing power, not yet get rid of high input, high consumption, high emission mode of development, resources, energy consumption and pollution emission with the international advanced level there is still a large gap, industrial emissions of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and dust respectively 90%, 70% and 90% of total emissions, resources and environment carrying capacity is close to the limit, so it is urgent to accelerate the development of green manufacturing. To implement green manufacturing engineering for traction, the full implementation of green manufacturing, not only to alleviate the current resources and environment bottleneck constraints, to speed up cultivating new economic growth point has important practical function, but also to speed up the transformation of the mode of economic development, promote transformation and upgrading of industrial, manufacturing industry international competitiveness has far-reaching historical significance.
2. General requirements.
In accordance with the party's 18 large and 18 class 3, 4, fifth plenary session of the spirit, the full implementation of manufacturing strategy of power construction, strengthening the concept of green development, closely around manufacturing resources, energy efficiency and cleaner production level, with an emphasis on manufacturing green upgrade, supported by science and technology innovation, with laws and regulations standard green regulatory system to protect, demonstration pilot project as the gripper, intensify policy support, to speed up the construction of green manufacturing system, promote green products, green plant, green park and green supply chain comprehensive development, expand the green industry, and enhance the international competitive new advantages, realize high-efficient and clean manufacturing low carbon cycle and sustainable development, promote the industrial civilization and ecological civilization harmonious communion.
(I) basic principles.
We will continue to make breakthroughs in key areas and promote overall coordination. We will focus on addressing resource and environmental problems in key areas, key industries and key enterprises, and carry out pilot demonstrations, special operations and major projects. At the same time, in accordance with requirements of the product whole life cycle of green management, strengthening production process control and extend producer responsibility, active application of information network technology and large data, such as advanced technologies in fully implementing green manufacturing industry in large, medium and small enterprises, accelerate the construction of green manufacturing system.
We should adhere to the corporate body and practice social responsibility. Green development is an important way to improve the quality and efficiency of enterprises, and it is also the social responsibility that enterprises should bear. Green manufacturing main body role further outstanding enterprises, strengthening the concept of efficient clean low carbon cycle development, to carry out the energy conservation and environmental protection social responsibility, increase green transformation, eliminate backward production capacity, vigorously promote green technological innovation, constantly improve the level of green manufacturing management, to realize win-win economic, social and ecological benefits.
We will adhere to policy guidance and strengthen green supervision. We should give full play to the guiding role of the government in promoting the green development of manufacturing industry, further transform the concept of development, and increase support for green manufacturing policies. Change government function, strengthen resource conservation and environmental protection regulation standard, strict assessment review, supervision and regulation of environmental law enforcement of energy conservation, create fair competition environment for enterprises to promote green manufacturing and system guarantee.
(2) main objectives.
By 2020, the green manufacturing level will be significantly improved and the green manufacturing system will be initially established. Companies and governments at all levels of green development concept significantly enhanced, compared with 2015, traditional manufacturing material consumptions, energy consumption, water consumption, pollutants and a significant reduction in the carbon intensity, key industries of major pollutants intensity fell by 20%, industrial solid waste comprehensive utilization rate of 73%, part of the heavy chemical industry resource consumption and emissions to peak. Scale unit energy consumption of industrial production fell by 18%, above the comprehensive energy consumption of per ton steel dropped to 0.57 tons of standard coal, tons of alumina comprehensive energy consumption dropped to 0.38 tons of standard coal, tons of ammonia comprehensive energy consumption dropped to 1300 kilograms of standard coal, tons of cement comprehensive energy consumption dropped to 85 kilograms of standard coal, electric machinery, boiler system efficiency increased by 5%, efficient distribution transformer in network operation ratio increased by 20%. The amount of carbon dioxide emitted by the added value of the unit industry was reduced by 22% and 23% respectively. The energy conservation and environmental protection industry has increased substantially and initially formed a new engine of economic growth and a new pillar of the national economy. Green manufacturing capacity will increase steadily, and a large number of green manufacturing key generic technology to realize industrialization application, forming a group of pillar enterprises with core competitiveness, set up more perfect the relevant evaluation standard system of green manufacturing and authentication mechanisms, creating hundreds of green industrial park, thousands of green demonstration plant, ten thousand species of green product, green manufacturing market advance basic formation mechanism. The impact of manufacturing development on resource environment is preliminarily alleviated.
Iii. Key tasks.
(1) demonstration and promotion of green transformation of traditional manufacturing industries.
Implementation of the production process cleaning transformation. In order to reduce pollutant production at source, we will renovate traditional production process equipment and encourage enterprises to adopt advanced and suitable cleaner production technology to carry out upgrading and transformation. Speed up key areas and key river clean production level, the implementation of industrial coal clean utilization plan of action, promote beijing-tianjin-hebei, Yangtze river delta and other key areas and the huaihe river, haihe river and other key river enterprises to implement cleaner production, cut from the sources of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, dust smoke (powder), chemical oxygen demand (cod), ammonia nitrogen and other pollutants. Actively promote non-ferrous metal, chemical industry, leather, lead-acid batteries, electroplating, etc heavy metals, volatile organic compounds, such as persistent organic non-conventional pollutants reduction, speed up the key industries of poisonous and harmful material (product) substitution application, complete the mercury, lead, high risk, high toxic pesticide such as pollutant reduction targets. We will further eliminate backward production capacity.
Column 1 production process cleaning transformation.
Special areas for cleaner production. In beijing-tianjin-hebei "three group of ten" key areas, such as the implementation of clean and efficient industrial boiler combustion cycle, cement, iron and steel sintering flue gas of low nitrogen combustion and burning classification, oxygen-enriched combustion glass kiln, ceramic concentrated heating furnace of clean coal gasification, petrochemical clean technology such as low nitrogen combustion. By 2020, 1 million tons per year, 500,000 tons of sulfur dioxide per year and 1.8 million tons of nitrogen oxides per year will be cut.
Special projects for clean production in key river basins. In seven big river basin and the implementation of papermaking non-wood fiber raw material clean pulping waste liquor, leather industry circulation and mixed acid atmospheric absorption of dyeing and finishing, tungsten smelting high efficient decomposition, nitrogen wastewater ultra-low emission, dye chemical pesticide green synthesis of intermediates and apis enzyme pretreatment, printing and dyeing and low salt salt-free dyeing, food and drug efficient strains of applications such as clean and efficient extraction and purification technology. By 2020, the waste water will be reduced by 400 million tons/year, chemical oxygen demand of 500,000 tons/year, and ammonia nitrogen 50,000 tons/year.
Heavy metal pollutant reduction special. In the lead-acid storage battery and the regenerated lead industry, the technical transformation of lead, continuous plate production, tube plate extrusion, low temperature continuous melting, and direct reduction of liquid high lead slag were carried out. In the chromium salt and leather industry, the technology of pure oxygen oxidation, low chromium cycle and chrome-free tanning were introduced. In the copper lead and zinc mining industry, the treatment technology of biological agents containing arsenic wastewater was promoted. Low mercury or mercury-free processes are promoted in industries such as calcium carbide and polyvinyl chloride. By 2020, the reduction of total lead will be 15 tons/year, total chromium 15 tons/year, arsenic 10 tons/year, and the reduction of mercury consumption will be 280 tons/year.
We will eliminate backward projects. The integrated use of technology, environmental protection, energy consumption, safety and quality standards, to establish exit mechanism, eliminate pollution, high emissions, poisonous and harmful products, technology, backward technology and equipment.
We will implement efficient and low-carbon transformation of energy use. We will accelerate the application of advanced and energy-efficient low-carbon technologies and equipment, increase energy efficiency and expand the proportion of new energy applications. Focus on implementation of energy-consuming equipment system energy saving transformation, strive to make the use of industrial boilers and furnaces, motor, water pump, blower, air compressor) system, transformer and other general equipment running efficiency index reach the domestic advanced standard. Energy-saving reform deepening process industry system, the key raw material optimization, the energy cascade utilization, recycled, process reengineering and system optimization technology, popularization more than low grade waste heat power generation, refrigeration, heating and recycling. We will promote the low-carbon development of industries, actively use new sources of energy, and carry out power demand side management. We will vigorously build factories, new energy sources, distributed energy and smart grids. By 2020, 150 million tons of standard coal energy saving capacity will be formed.
Column 2 energy use high efficiency and low carbon transformation.
Process industrial system transformation project. Construction and improvement of enterprise energy control center; The steel industry implements the high value utilization of by-product gas; A new type of cathode structure aluminum electrolyzer is implemented in the non-ferrous industry, and the production of alumina production and copper continuous blowing is improved with high efficiency. The ferroalloy industry implements the transformation of "rotary kiln - mine hot furnace" process; The petrochemical industry implements the transformation of propane dehydrogenation and one million tons of refined terephthalic acid devices (PTA). The chemical industry has carried out the transformation of pressurized gasification and nitric acid treatment of the space furnace. The cement industry has been reformed with high solid gas ratio and no spherification mill. Application of high efficiency dual-disk grinder and other low-energy pulping in papermaking industry; The food processing industry implements mechanical steam recompression, automatic continuous boiling sugar, etc. The textile industry implements the transformation of synthetic fiber melt spinning long wire ring cooling, high efficiency drying and finalizing.
High energy consumption general equipment renovation project. Permanent magnet synchronous servo motor, high voltage variable frequency speed regulation, cooling tower and mixed flow turbine are implemented in the motor system. The power distribution transformer system is applied to amorphous alloy transformer, with load regulating capacity adjustment and so on. The application of oxygen enriched combustion, regenerative combustion, and anti-scaling technology of circulating water system are applied in furnace kiln system. The internal combustion engine system USES inefficient diesel engines for non-road mobile machinery such as construction machinery, agricultural machinery and ships. By 2020, the average operating efficiency of boilers, motors and internal combustion engines will be increased by 5 percentage points, and the proportion of efficient distribution transformers will increase by 20%.
Waste heat residual pressure efficient recycling special. Self-provided power plant flue gas recycling system for waste heat depth and circulating water waste heat recycling, high supercritical mixed working medium parameters integration cycle power generation, metallurgy coaxial unit residual pressure energy recovery of waste heat applications and technical transformation. To promote the recovery and utilization of high temperature flue gas in the mine hot stove, the utilization of steam waste heat cascade, the waste heat recovery of polyester chemical fiber esterification process, and the expansion drive of the screw rod. By 2020, the utilization rate of residual thermal pressure of middle and low grade will reach 30%.
Low carbon transformation project. We will build photovoltaic, thermal, heat pumps and smart micro grid in factories and industrial parks to increase the proportion of renewable energy in the production process. In cement, steel, iron, limestone, calcium carbide, adipic acid, nitric acid, fertilizer, refrigerant, and other fields, promote the demonstration of a batch of raw material substitution, process optimization and so on greenhouse gas emissions control technology, promote the use of co2 flooding and preparation such as plastic, dry ice. By 2020, there will be 5 gigawatts of low-carbon energy.
Implementation of water resources utilization efficiency transformation. To control the total quantity of industrial water, water efficiency, protect the water environment as the goal, overall solution was optimized by using water system balance, water saving technologies such as the chemical industry, steel, paper making, printing and dyeing, food, medicine, high water consumption industries to upgrade. To promote the application of unconventional water resources, and to support industrial enterprises to adopt technologies such as electric adsorption, membrane treatment and seawater desalination, and to use urban water, mine water, high concentration salt water, seawater and so on.
Column 3 high water consumption industry water conservation reform.
Special chemical water-saving project. Implementation of dry distillation, sulfur-containing wastewater stripping purification, condensate recovery, the urea process condensate hydrolyzing parsing, polymer mother liquid treatment and reuse, vacuum filter alkali washing additives, such as acid pickling waste water purification technology reform. By 2020, the annual water volume is about 600 million cubic meters.
Iron and steel water conservation special. Coking phenol cyanogen waste water treatment and reuse, cold rolling wastewater treatment and reuse, sewage disposal shunt high quality, efficient circulation, cascade, comprehensive sewage treatment and reuse, pipeline leakage intelligent detection and update the technical transformation, promotion and utilization of city water, sea water, etc. By 2020, the annual water volume will be about 500 million cubic meters.
Special water conservation in papermaking. Implementation of multistage countercurrent washing closed screening, displacement cooking, oxygen off lignin, the high concentration screening and bleaching pulp, dirty steam condensate classification referred to recycle and grade of paper machine white water more disk and reuse, such as turbine vacuum system of water-saving technology reform. By 2020, the annual water volume will be about 400 million cubic meters.
Printing and dyeing water-saving projects. Implementation of countercurrent rinsing, cold pad-batch one-step, small bath ratio vapor fluid dyeing, digital ink-jet printing, printing and dyeing wastewater treatment and reuse, knitted fabric efficient open-width continuous dyeing, chemical fiber dope dyeing technology reform. By 2020, the annual water volume is about 300 million cubic meters.
Special food and drug water saving. The application of low temperature cooking gelatinization, high temperature fermentation of high concentration saccharification, high concentration of monosodium glutamate, the comprehensive utilization of fermented waste mother liquor, and the reuse of the pharmaceutical process water reuse etc. By 2020, the annual water volume will be about 200 million cubic meters.
Implementation of basic manufacturing process green transformation. To speed up the application of clean casting, forging, welding, surface treatment, cutting and other processing technology, promote the development of traditional green manufacturing technology, intelligent, build a batch of demonstration project of green manufacturing process. By 2020, more than 15 percent of traditional machinery will be saved, more than 20 percent of raw materials will be saved, and more than 20 percent of waste will be reduced.
Column 4 basic manufacturing process green transformation.
Special project of casting forging welding cutting manufacturing process. Focus on promoting digital without casting island, clean and efficient combination of casting and rolling precision forming parts, casting sand recycling, laser and electric arc composite efficient, efficient clean welding materials in friction welding, less smoke and harmless green welding material preparation, such as less a cutting fluid green machining technology. By 2020, more than 30 percent of energy saving will be saved, and more than 20 percent of the waste will be saved.
Heat meter to handle cleaning. It is mainly used to promote the technical equipment such as non-oxidized clean heat treatment, heat treatment atmosphere reduction, vacuum low-pressure carburizing heat treatment, and substitute electroplating chromium green surface treatment. By 2020, more than 30 percent of the waste will be reduced.
(2) demonstration application of green development for resource recycling.
We will strengthen comprehensive utilization of industrial resources. Focusing on smelting slag and dust, chemical waste, tailings, coal mud solid waste such as difficult using industrial solid waste, extend the use of a number of advanced technology and equipment, foster a batch of backbone enterprises, expand the pilot comprehensive utilization of resources base. , which is based on standard enterprise of renewable resources, speed up the upgrade of technical equipment of renewable resources to deepen city mineral demonstration base construction, promote the development of renewable resources industry agglomeration, implement intensive, specialization, scale development of renewable resources industry. To 20