Energy saving policy
The ministry of industry and information technology has issued a formal plan to promote the development of small and medium-sized enterprises.
In June 2016, the ministry of industry and information technology officially released the plan for promoting the development of small and medium-sized enterprises (2016-2020) (hereinafter referred to as "planning"). Has been clear about the "planning" to mention mass transfer efficiency as the center, to enhance the entrepreneurial innovation ability as the main line, promote the supply side structural reform, optimize the development environment, the guiding ideology, to promote the development of small and medium-sized enterprises from societe generale driven by innovation, optimizing the structure, advancing the reform of basic principles are put forward. It is of great significance to promote the sustainable and healthy development of small and medium-sized enterprises.
"Planning" has put forward the main tasks of promoting the development of small and medium-sized enterprises from five aspects: promoting entrepreneurship, improving innovation ability, transforming and upgrading, expanding the internal and external market and functional transformation. The main task is to identify the key points and points to promote the development of smes. Such as, improve the ability of effective supply, specialization, "new" development, brand building, green development, cluster development, coordinated development as "promote the transformation and upgrading, improve the supply of key points, the development of specialization," new "focus on cultivating a large number of" specialization, the new "small and medium-sized enterprises, build a batch of" single champion ", etc., compact structure, task is clear.
"Planning" around the promotion of small and medium-sized enterprise business innovation ability put forward the "Internet +" the small micro enterprise special operation, specialization, "new" small and medium-sized enterprises developing project, service ability construction engineering, engineering, improve the capacity of industrial cluster development of small and medium-sized enterprise management ability to ascend, the internationalization of small and medium-sized enterprises to promote special operation six key engineering and special operation. Such as, "Internet +" the small micro enterprise initiative, to promote the Internet and information technology application ability, promote the development of new forms and new mode, strengthening the Internet and information technology services to support as the key.
"The plan" explicitly proposes to strengthen organization and leadership, increasing the fiscal and taxation support, strengthen the financing guarantee, strengthen the service support, enhancing operation monitoring five aspects of security measures, such as outstanding from the fiscal and taxation, finance, service and other aspects in order to promote the development of small and medium-sized enterprises to provide protection. Such as, emphasize the role of the state of small and medium enterprise development fund, promoting the construction of small and medium-sized enterprises credit guarantee system, the implementation of the "sme promotion law", promote the establishment of small and medium-sized enterprise rights protection mechanism, promote the establishment and perfect the small and medium-sized enterprises running monitoring system, etc.
With the deepening of the "planning" implementation, strive to achieve "the overall level to further improve, further enhance its capability of innovation, to further improve enterprise quality, further optimize the development environment" development goals.
Notice of the ministry of industry and information technology on the development of small and medium-sized enterprises (2016-2020).
Provincial, autonomous region, municipality directly under the central government, and the department of small and medium-sized enterprises of xinjiang production and construction corps:
For implementation of sme promotion law of the People's Republic of China, the law of the People's Republic of China on the 13th five-year plan for national economic and social development program, the supply side structural reform, optimize the development environment, promote the business innovation, promoting the healthy development of small and medium-sized enterprises to implement and sustain compiled the promote the development of small and medium-sized enterprises planning (2016-2020). Now print you, please carry out earnestly.
Ministry of industry and information technology.
June 28, 2016.
Development planning for small and medium-sized enterprises (2016-2020)
This plan according to the law of the People's Republic of China sme promotion law ", the law of the People's Republic of China on the 13th five-year plan for national economic and social development program, etc, put forward the "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" general idea to promote the development of small and medium-sized enterprises, development goal, main task and key engineering and special operation, to promote the development of small and medium-sized enterprises to provide guidance, provide the basis for the department in charge of small and medium-sized enterprises perform their duties.
Chapter I development environment.
"Twelfth five-year" period, facing the complex international environment and difficult heavy steady growth, promoting the reform, restructuring, livelihood task, under the correct leadership of the CPC central committee and the state council, successfully completed the "twelfth five-year" growth of small and medium-sized enterprises planning to determine the main objectives and tasks, has achieved remarkable results.
First, the development review of small and medium-sized enterprises in the 12th five-year plan.
The development strength has been significantly enhanced. At the end of 2015, there were more than 20 million small and medium-sized enterprises registered in China, and over 54 million individual businesses and businesses. In industry, for example, by the end of 2015, the national small and medium-sized industrial enterprises above designated size [since 2011, the industrial enterprises above designated size standard starting point from the original main business income is 5 million yuan to advocate business wu income 20 million yuan] 36.5, accounting for 97.4% of the number of industrial enterprises above designated size. The total tax revenue was 2.5 trillion yuan, accounting for 49.2% of the total tax amount of industrial enterprises above the scale. The total profit was 4.1 trillion yuan, accounting for 64.5% of the total profit of industrial enterprises above the scale. Small and medium-sized enterprises provide more than 80% of urban employment, becoming the main channel for employment.
The development environment has been further improved. The party central committee and state council attaches great importance to the development of small and medium-sized enterprises, dense has staged a series of policies and measures, cancellation and adjustment of a batch of administrative examination and approval projects, the implementation of "three certificates" registration system, increase the small micro enterprise value added tax, business tax, as well as the preferential income tax; The financial management department will guide the banking financial institutions to increase the credit support for small and micro enterprises, and achieve the target of "three not less than" the growth rate, the number of households and the rate of loan acquisition of small and micro businesses. We will support the transformation of financial funds and carry out demonstration projects for small and micro enterprises in entrepreneurship and innovation bases.
Entrepreneurship and innovation capabilities are further enhanced. In the field of entrepreneurship, the number of small and micro businesses grew by more than 10% annually. Small and medium-sized enterprise intellectual property strategy to promote effective project pilot work, 32 pilot cities of the nation's small and medium-sized enterprises cluster areas patent filings grew by an average of 53% a year, patent authorization more than 30% growth, the role of small and medium-sized enterprises in the industrial chain and chain innovation increasingly highlight, industrial cluster has achieved rapid development.
The application level of informatization has been further improved. Small and medium-sized enterprise informationization promoting effective engineering, information technology applications such as electronic commerce expanded, research and development, production, finance, management, becoming increasingly prevalent in all kinds of application software and services, such as two fusion further deepening. Basic formation of the national small and medium-sized enterprise information service network, relying on large information service enterprises set up more than 6000 branch institutions, with nearly 100000 professional service personnel, gather more than 60 m software developers and the information service, carry out every year tens of thousands of promotional activities such as training and application promotion, the number of people to participate in online training of tens of millions of people.
The service system is further improved. We have built a network of public service platforms for small and medium-sized enterprises covering 30 provinces and cities and five planned cities, and led to more than 70,000 social service resources. To identify the public service demonstration platform of 511 national small and medium-sized enterprises. We will implement the innovation capacity plan for small and medium-sized enterprises and start small business plans, and launch the announcement of the national small and micro enterprise innovation demonstration base. The organization has carried out the small and medium-sized enterprise galaxy training project and the enterprise management personnel quality improvement project.
External exchanges and cooperation have been strengthened. Important progress has been made in bilateral and multilateral cooperation in small and medium-sized enterprises. The China international small and medium enterprises expo and the APEC sme technology exchange and exhibition have become an important platform for external cooperation. China and Germany (taicang) small and medium-sized enterprise cooperation demonstration area has gathered more than 230 German enterprises, the sino-foreign small and medium-sized enterprise cooperation area construction has achieved positive results. With the construction of One Belt And One Road, the cooperation between smes and countries along the belt and road is increasing.
Ii. The development situation faced by small and medium-sized enterprises in the 13th five-year plan period.
During the 13th five-year plan period, the domestic and foreign economic development situation remains complicated. From the international perspective, the world economy is undergoing profound adjustment, the recovery is weak, the external environment is unstable and uncertain factors are increasing, the foreign trade situation of small and medium-sized enterprises is still serious, and export growth is slowing down. Shift from domestic, stage of development to make economic development into the new normal, in the economic growth from rapid growth to high-speed growth, speed of economic growth pattern from the scale type to quality efficiency type of extensive growth and intensive growth, economic growth mainly from the material inputs to drive innovation. The new normal has brought new challenges to economic development, and the difficulties and problems encountered by smes are particularly prominent.
In the face of international and domestic economic development in the new environment, "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" period, the small and medium-sized enterprise still faces a bigger operating pressure, cost of capital, land and other factors continue to remain high, recruitment, recruitment is expensive and financing difficult financing problems remain to be further relief, most small and medium-sized enterprises in the field of traditional industries in the industrial chain and mid-range, high consumption problems such as inefficient, excess production capacity, product homogeneity serious, profitability is still weak, transfer mode, the restructuring task is very difficult.
During the 13th five-year plan period, the development of small and medium-sized enterprises is faced with challenges and significant opportunities. With the deepening of reform, new industrialization, urbanization, informationization, the advancement of agricultural modernization, as well as the "public entrepreneurship, peoples innovation", "made in China 2025", "Internet +", "One Belt And One Road" and other major strategic measures to accelerate the implementation of basic for the development of small and medium-sized enterprises more consolidate good momentum. By deepening the reform of commercial system, advance the administrative examination and approval, the investment approval, taxation, finance and other aspects of the reform and development of small and medium-sized enterprises in the market environment, policy environment and service environment will be more optimized. With the Internet as the core of information technology and all trades and professions depth fusion, increasingly personalized, diversified demand, continuously create new products, new forms, new markets and new pattern, provide a broad space for innovation and development for small and medium enterprises.
In the period of the 13th five-year plan period, the development of small and medium-sized enterprises in China is still in an important period of strategic opportunities. To accurately grasp the development situation at home and abroad, make good use of international and domestic two markets and two resources, seize the development opportunity, the transformation of the mode of development, improve the quality of development, rely on opening up the development of new entrepreneurial innovation path, win the initiative to develop and realize the development of new breakthrough.
Chapter ii development ideas and development goals.
1. Guiding ideology.
Fully implement the party's eighteen big eighteen class 3, 4, and fifth plenary session of the spirit, to carry out general secretary xi series of important speech spirit, firmly establish and earnestly implement the innovation, the coordination, the development of green, open, sharing ideas, to increase quality as the center, to enhance the entrepreneurial innovation ability as the main line, cost reduction, short board, advance the supply side structural reform, perfect the legal policy, improve the public service, optimize the development environment, promote the business innovation, constantly cultivate new incremental, kinetic energy, promote the healthy development of small and medium-sized enterprises to implement and sustain.
Based on the basic national conditions and the actual development of small and medium-sized enterprises, this plan follows the following basic principles on the basis of government guidance, market dominance and social participation.
-- adhering to entrepreneurship and promoting employment. To promote entrepreneurship as a new engine of economic growth, to foster market players and to promote employment is an important measure. We will vigorously support small and micro businesses and expand employment. We should carry forward the spirit of entrepreneurship, cultivate the main body of entrepreneurship, improve the service of entrepreneurship, and improve the capacity of entrepreneurship and employment.
-- adhering to the innovation drive and promoting the transformation. Encouraged to speed up the small and medium-sized enterprises mainly from the material inputs to drive innovation, improve the total factor productivity of small and medium-sized enterprises, promote the old and new kinetic energy conversion and transformation and upgrading of small and medium-sized enterprises, enhance market competitiveness.
-- adhering to the optimization structure and improving the quality and efficiency. Change the extensive development pattern and management way to promote small and medium enterprises, lack of supplement the ecological environment protection and regional development uncoordinated, green, coordinated and sustainable development road, constantly optimize the supply structure, improve the quality and efficiency of development.
-- we must press ahead with reform and create an environment. Give full play to the decisive role of market in resource allocation, break all kinds of institutional barriers, improve service, improve government management and public service ability, reduce the enterprise cost, easing the burden on enterprises, build more beneficial to the development of small and medium-sized enterprises (smes) environment.
During the 13th five-year plan period, the overall goal of promoting sme development is:
-- the overall level has been further improved. The overall development quality and efficiency of small and medium-sized enterprises have been steadily improved, and the supporting role of economic development has been further consolidated. The energy consumption per unit of output is decreasing year by year, the proportion of added value of high-tech products increases significantly, and the structure is further optimized. An average of 8 million new jobs will be added to the job market each year.
-- innovation capacity has been further enhanced. The contribution of innovative small and medium-sized enterprises to national innovation ability is further improved, and the innovation of technology-based smes is further enhanced. The proportion of r&d expenditure of small and medium-sized enterprises in the main business income has been continuously improved, and the number of invention patents and new product development has maintained a rapid growth. The application capacity of Internet and information technology has been further improved, and new products, new technologies, new formats and new models have emerged. Cooperation with large enterprises and continuous improvement of collaborative manufacturing capacity play a greater role in the innovation chain. We will cultivate a number of small and medium-sized enterprises that are sustainable development.
-- the quality of the enterprise has been further improved. Small and medium-sized enterprise management level to further improve, to optimize human resource structure, to further improve personnel quality, production safety awareness and social responsibility awareness to further strengthen, further improve the credit management level. To complete not less than 5000 talents, and 2.5 million small and medium-sized enterprise management management personnel training, cultivating a batch of entrepreneurial management and a large number of high-quality staff with artisan spirit. The brand influence of small and medium-sized enterprises is continuously improving.
-- the development environment was further optimized. And decentralization, commercial system and financial reform in the fiscal and taxation has made significant results, further reduce burden of enterprises, market access environment more relaxed, more fair business environment, the foreign cooperation more pragmatic, more efficient government services. The service system has been further improved to support and cultivate 300 national small and micro enterprise entrepreneurship and innovation demonstration bases, and 3,000 provincial small and micro enterprise entrepreneurship and innovation bases.
Chapter iii main tasks.
First, we need to promote entrepreneurship and invigorate energy.
Cultivate entrepreneurial subjects. We should integrate resources, work together, mobilize all initiatives, encourage and support entrepreneurs to break traditional constraints and restrictions, and adopt various compliant and effective ways to start businesses. We will support all kinds of businesses and fields that have not been explicitly excluded from the laws and regulations, such as returnees, college students and college graduates, professional technical personnel of scientific research institutes, and returning migrant workers.
We will promote the growth and growth of small and medium-sized enterprises. We will increase support for small and micro businesses in seed and early stage growth, and cultivate and expand the small and micro enterprise groups. To support a number of potential and good growth, accumulated a certain capital, technology and management experience of small and medium-sized enterprises, conform to the consumption structure change, the development of the industrial structure adjustment brings opportunities to accelerate development. We will support the development and growth of small and medium-sized enterprises in the poor areas and ethnic minority areas.
We will strengthen the construction of entrepreneurial vehicles. Actively create conditions, reasonable arrangement of necessary venues and facilities, and all kinds of park, make full use of existing building small and medium-sized enterprise business innovation base, to facilitate the business main body for the sites of production and business operation. Development of the new space, form the online and offline, hatch and investment combination of the open integrated service carrier, entrepreneurial societe generale for small and medium enterprises to provide low cost, convenience, total factor services.
Encourage large enterprises to provide entrepreneurial support. We will encourage large enterprises to provide new platforms for entrepreneurship, launch various incubation activities, and form the entrepreneurial ecology of market dominance, venture capital participation and enterprise incubation. We will encourage and support large enterprises and industry leaders to give full play to their technological advantages, talent advantages and market advantages, and provide them with technology research and development, transformation of results and marketing push.