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Interpretation of the energy saving law of the People's Republic of China.

2018-03-02  admin 阅读 131

第一章    总则

The first chapter the general



Article 1 this law legislation purpose is to promote the whole society to save energy, improve the efficiency of energy utilization, protection and improvement of the environment, promote comprehensive, balanced and sustainable economic and social development.


(a) to promote the whole society to save energy


Energy is the human survival and development of the important material base. Energy utilization involves every field of social production, life, each aspect, energy conservation needs the joint efforts of the whole society. Energy saving method in the form of law to determine the basic principles of energy conservation in our country, the system and code of conduct, its most immediate aim is to promote the whole society to save energy.


(2) to improve energy efficiency


Promote the whole society to save energy, not to restrain and reduce the requirement of the human production, life, the key is to strengthen energy management and take technically feasible, economically rational, and environmental and social can take measures to improve energy efficiency. In order to achieve energy saving, on the one hand, should by adjusting the industrial structure, backward of highly energy-consuming products and equipment and production technology, reduce energy use. More important is to should by strengthening energy management, USES the advanced energy saving technology, efforts to improve energy efficiency. Therefore, to develop energy saving method will improve the energy efficiency as one of the important purpose.


(3) the protection and improvement of the environment


The unreasonable use of energy and the rapid growth of energy consumption, caused serious damage to our environment, economic development is faced with tremendous environmental pressure. To develop energy conservation law, by promoting the whole society to save energy and to protect and improve environment, effectively alleviate the economic losses due to environmental damage and human health problems.


(4) to promote comprehensive, balanced and sustainable economic and social development


Save energy is to alleviate the contradiction between supply and demand of energy, the fundamental measures to solve the problem of environment, is to improve the quality and efficiency of economic growth the important way, is the inevitable demand to increase the competitiveness of enterprises, is the only way to achieve sustainable economic and social development. Develop energy conservation law, to promote comprehensive, balanced and sustainable economic and social development is of great significance.


Article 2 the energy "referred to in this law means the coal, oil, natural gas, biomass energy and electric power, thermal, and other direct or through processing, conversion, and can obtain useful resources.


Energy can provide energy for human is the nature of all kinds of material resources. Energy according to generate different ways, can be divided into primary energy and secondary energy. Primary energy refers to the energy can be directly obtained from the natural world, such as coal, gas, water, etc.; Secondary energy refers to must be processed, conversion of energy, such as petrol, gas, electricity, etc.


In addition, can according to the renewable energy, can be divided into renewable resources and non-renewable resources. Can renewable energy is regenerative in nature, the sustainable use of energy, such as solar, wind, water, etc.; Non-renewable energy is once to use renewable energy sources, such as coal, oil, etc. According to the utilization, energy can be divided into conventional energy and new energy. Refers to the conventional energy sources have been mass production and extensive use of energy, such as coal, oil, natural gas, etc.; New energy refers to energy hasn't been large-scale use, further development, such as geothermal energy, solar energy, etc.


Referred to in article 3 to save energy (hereinafter referred to as "energy saving"), refers to strengthen energy management and take technically feasible, economically rational, and environmental and social can take measures, from all aspects of energy production to consumption, reduce consumption, reduce the loss and pollution emissions, stop wasting, effective and reasonable use of energy.


According to the provisions of this article, the meaning of energy conservation can from the following several aspects to understand:


1. Energy saving can strengthen with management and other measures shall be adopted. Strengthening energy conservation management includes two aspects: one is the state formulates energy-saving laws, regulations, policies and standards, strengthen the supervision and inspection, supervise and urge energy-using units to strengthen energy management, in order to save energy; The second is the enterprise in accordance with the law and according to the requirements of their own development, through the formulation and implementation plan and technical measures of energy conservation, building energy conservation target responsibility system, develop education and post training of energy conservation, in order to strengthen the management of energy measurement and energy consumption statistics and energy utilization analysis, so as to improve energy efficiency.


2. Can strengthen with management and other energy-saving measures, shall conform to the technically feasible, economically rational, and the principle of environmental and social can withstand.


3. Energy saving should be embodied in every link from energy production to consumption, which should be in the energy production, processing, conversion, transmission, storage, use and so on each link, reduce consumption, reduce the loss and pollutant emission, prevent waste.


4. To achieve the purpose of energy saving is effective and reasonable use of energy, namely in the principle of economic benefit and environmental requirements, using the same amount of energy, meet the demand of the larger society.


Article 4 the resource conservation is a basic national policy of our country. The country implements economy and development simultaneously, puts economy in the first energy development strategy.


Resource conservation as a basic national policy is China's basic national conditions, is the urgent needs of the transformation of the mode of economic growth, is to realize the comprehensive construction well-off society goal and essence and the important guarantee for the sustainable development of requirements.


Implementation of conservation and development simultaneously, give top priority to save China's energy development strategy, is proceeding from its national conditions, to set up and implement the people-oriented, comprehensive, balanced and sustainable scientific development concept, from a strategic and fully understand the height of the global energy support for the economic and social development function and constraint function. Energy saving to relieve the contradictions of energy constraints, ensure national energy security, improve the quality and efficiency of economic growth, the importance of environmental protection, energy saving as a comprehensive, balanced and sustainable development strategy is an important part of. Both production development and the consumption field, all want to put energy saving as the prominent position, insist for a long time to the implementation of the preferential policy of energy saving, energy-saving, promote whole society give priority to conservation policy, which embody in formulating and implementing development strategy, development plan, the laws and regulations, industrial policies, investment management and financial, tax, financial and price and so on all aspects of the policy and links.


Article 5 the state council and local people's governments at or above the county level shall incorporate energy conservation, annual plans for national economic and social development planning, and organizing the establishment and implementation of long-term special planning and annual plans of energy conservation. The state council and the local people's governments at or above the county level report to the people's congresses at the corresponding levels or their standing committees on energy conservation.


Article 6 the state shall practise a system of target responsibility system and evaluation of energy conservation, the energy-saving target completion as head of the local people's governments and their evaluation of the content. The people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government shall report annually to the state council on the performance of energy conservation targets.


According to the relevant provisions of the state council, the present energy conservation target responsibility system and the main content of the evaluation system of energy conservation is: to be determined in the eleventh five-year plan compendium unit GDP energy consumption by reducing the target decomposition to each province, municipality, municipality directly under the central government, the people's governments at the provincial level to implement the goal step by step to catch level, level, 13 cities (counties), layers of implementation, strict target responsibility system; Will energy consumption index as the country's economic and social development as an important indicator of comprehensive evaluation and annual appraisal, the energy-saving target completion as head of the local people's government for the assessment of important content.


As an important part of the energy saving target responsibility system, various provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government shall report to the state council every year the implementation of energy saving target responsibility, to facilitate a comprehensive grasp of all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government of the state council of energy utilization, strengthen the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government supervision and guidance of energy saving work, ensure the realization of energy saving target. Report of the main content includes: the region's energy consumption, energy utilization, energy saving target completion, the energy conservation law, administrative regulations, the implementation of the policies and measures, etc.


Article 7 the state shall practise a conducive to industrial policy of energy saving and environmental protection, limit development in energy intensive and highly polluting industries, developing energy efficient and environmentally friendly industries. The state council and the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government should strengthen the energy conservation work, rationally adjust the industrial structure, enterprise structure, product structure and energy consumption structure, promote enterprises to reduce energy consumption per unit output value and energy consumption per unit product, eliminate backward production capacity, improve the energy of the development, processing, conversion, transmission, storage and supply, improve energy efficiency. The state encourages and supports the development and utilization of new and renewable sources of energy.


Article 8 the state shall encourage and support energy saving in the research, development, demonstration and popularization of science and technology, promote energy-saving technological innovation and progress. The state promotes energy conservation promotion and education, integrates energy saving knowledge into the national education and training system, popularize scientific knowledge of energy conservation, enhance the awareness of energy conservation among the whole people, and advocate economical consumption patterns.


Article 9 any unit or individual shall fulfill their obligation to conserve energy, in accordance with the law shall have the right to report against any waste of energy. The news media should publicize energy-saving laws, regulations and policies and play the role of public opinion supervision.


Saving energy is the basic national policy of our country. Construction of energy-saving society, the need to mobilize the forces of the whole society, play a positive role in terms of, this is both to improve energy utilization efficiency, the need of protection and improvement of the environment, and promote comprehensive, balanced and sustainable economic and social development requirements. Whether state organs, enterprises and institutions or other organizations, until every citizen shall fulfill their obligation to conserve energy, including the use of coal, oil, electricity, gas, etc.


For the waste of energy, should be stopped. In accordance with the provisions of this section, any unit and individual shall have the right to report against any waste of energy.


News media holds a lot of media tools, shall, in accordance with the provisions of this section to promote energy conservation laws, regulations and policies, promote our country's form of energy, energy conservation and the significance of introduction of energy-saving products, advanced equipment, experience and typical deeds, exposed the serious waste of energy and effectively play a role of supervision by public opinion, make the illegal action of the waste energy be corrected in a timely manner.


Article 10. The management of energy conservation under the state council department in charge of the supervision and administration of energy conservation work throughout the country. The relevant departments under the state council shall be responsible for the supervision and administration of energy conservation within their respective functions and responsibilities, and shall be guided by the department under the state council for energy conservation. The departments of local people's governments at or above the county level shall be responsible for the supervision and administration of energy conservation within their respective administrative areas. The relevant departments of the local people's governments at or above the county level shall be responsible for the supervision and administration of energy conservation within their respective functions and responsibilities, and shall be guided by the departments in charge of energy conservation at the same level.


Chapter ii energy conservation management.



Article 11 the state council and the local people's governments at or above the county level shall strengthen their leadership in energy conservation work, deploy, coordinate, supervise, inspect and promote energy conservation.


Energy conservation work is a systematic project involving the whole society. To achieve results, the state council and the local people's governments at or above the county level must strengthen their leadership in energy conservation.


The state council and the local people's governments at or above the county level shall strengthen the leadership of the energy conservation work to "deploy, coordinate, supervise, inspect and promote" the work of energy conservation at a global level. The deployment means that the main leaders are concerned, and the formulation of plans, plans, objectives and technical and economic policies and measures should be organized according to the needs of rational use of energy. Coordination refers to the establishment of effective and authoritative communication and command system, which ensures that all aspects of energy conservation work, all links are synchronized and orderly, and the efficiency of energy conservation is improved. Supervision means to supervise the implementation of energy conservation laws, regulations and energy conservation policies, guidelines and measures in accordance with the provisions of laws and regulations. The inspection refers to the assessment and analysis of the planning, implementation and energy conservation goals of a certain period, and summarizes the experience to find the weak links. If the energy saving system is not sound and the energy saving measures are not implemented and the energy loss is wasted, the punishment shall be punished according to law; Those who make outstanding contributions to energy conservation work shall be rewarded according to law to promote the continuous deepening of energy conservation.


Article 12 the people's governments at or above the county level where the department for the administration of energy conservation and the relevant departments shall, within the scope of their respective responsibilities, to strengthen the implementation of laws, regulations and standards of energy conservation supervision and inspection, in accordance with law, investigate and punish the illegal can use behavior.


ACTS is not enough to do, the people's governments at or above the county level where the department for the administration of energy conservation and the relevant departments as the administrative law enforcement departments of energy-saving management, shall be based on duty to strengthen the implementation of laws, regulations and standards of energy conservation supervision and inspection, in accordance with law, investigate and punish the illegal can use behavior. The supervision and inspection right of the departments and departments concerned under the administration of energy conservation of the people's governments at or above the county level shall be both their legal rights and the statutory duties they must perform. The above-mentioned administrative law enforcement departments shall strictly perform their duties of supervision and inspection in accordance with the requirements of the administration according to law, and shall not be derelict in their duty, nor shall they exercise their power beyond the provisions of the law. The content of the supervision and inspection is to be supervised and inspected for the implementation of energy-saving laws, regulations and energy conservation standards. To law enforcement authorities found during their performance of duties, or by the reports, complaints can verify the illegal use of behavior to resolutely investigate in accordance with the law, but is not permitted in the energy-saving management responsibilities to the supervision and management fees from the object.


Article 13 the competent department of standardization under the state council and relevant departments under the state council shall, according to law, formulate and timely revise national and industrial standards on energy conservation and establish a sound energy conservation standard system.


The department in charge of standardization under the state council together with the management of energy saving work department and the relevant departments under the state council mandatory energy-using products, equipment, energy efficiency standards and production process of high energy consumption quota products for energy consumption per unit product standards.


The state shall encourage enterprises to formulate standards for energy conservation that are stricter than national standards and industry standards.


The provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government shall formulate local standards for energy conservation that are stricter than the mandatory national standards and industry standards, and shall be submitted to the state council for approval by the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government. Except as otherwise provided in this law.


Article 14 the state standards and industry standards for building energy conservation shall be formulated by the competent department of construction under the state council and promulgated in accordance with the legal procedures.


The competent department of construction of people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government may, according to local actual situation, formulate strict in the state standards or industrial standards of building energy efficiency standards, and submitted to the competent standardization department under the state council and the competent department of construction under the state council for the record.


Article 15 the state institutes a system of energy conservation assessment and review for fixed asset investment projects. The projects that do not meet the mandatory energy saving standards shall not be approved or approved by the organs in charge of the approval or approval of the project according to law; Construction units shall not start construction; If it has been built, it shall not be put into production or use. Specific measures shall be formulated by the departments under the state council for energy conservation and related departments under the state council.


The provisions of this article, the state shall practise a system of fixed assets investment project energy saving assessment and review, namely to inspect project of investment in fixed assets, shall also include the technical specifications, technical requirements, such as content of energy conservation assessment and review, such as the design of this project, select the equipment and materials to be used is in accordance with the mandatory energy efficiency standards, etc.


For projects that do not meet the mandatory energy conservation standards, the organs responsible for the approval or approval of the project shall not approve or approve the construction. Under the state council decision on reform of investment system, the use of fiscal funds investment of the construction of the project, the examination and approval system, the use of fiscal funds investment of the construction of the project, only for one of the major projects and restricted approval for the project from the perspective of public interests. The construction shall not be approved or approved for projects that do not meet the mandatory energy saving standards. Such as in violation of the provisions of this law, does not meet the mandatory energy efficiency standards of project approval or the approval of the construction of the directly responsible person in charge and other directly responsible personnel should bear the corresponding legal responsibility. Construction units shall not commence construction without approval; The construction unit shall not be put into production and use for the completed construction. If the construction unit violates the provisions of this article, it shall bear the corresponding legal liabilities according to the provisions of this law.


This article on energy saving of fixed assets investment projects evaluation and censorship is just made the principle rules, on how to carry out energy saving assessment and review, as well as the specific content of assessment and review for further regulation, but the authorization management of energy saving work of the state council department in conjunction with the departments concerned under the state council shall formulate the specific measures.


Article 16 the state shall implement a system of elimination of outdated energy-consuming products, equipment and production techniques. The departments for energy conservation under the state council shall, together with the relevant departments under the state council, formulate and promulgate the categories and implementation measures for the elimination of products, equipment and production processes. The production unit of a product that consumes high energy in the production process shall carry out the standard of energy consumption limit for the unit product. For the production units that exceed the energy consumption limit standard for the unit products, the departments in charge of energy conservation shall be ordered to govern within a time limit according to the authority prescribed by the state council. Special equipment for high energy consumption shall be subject to energy conservation examination and supervision in accordance with the provisions of the state council.


Elimination system refers to is not in conformity with the relevant laws and regulations, serious waste of resources, environmental pollution, backward technology, energy-using equipment and products, by the relevant competent department under the state council in accordance with the procedures must be released, requirements within the prescribed time limit, stop the production, sale, import and use of legal system. This is conducive to promoting enterprises to strengthen technological transformation, adopting advanced technology, technology and equipment, which is conducive to improving the level of energy utilization of Chinese enterprises.


In accordance with the provisions of this article, the scope of elimination is the use of energy products, equipment and production techniques that are too high and too high. Outdated and highly energy-consuming products and equipment, refers to the energy consumption more than set by the state in a certain period of the economic and technical development level of energy consumption standards, and has advanced, economic alternatives to continue the production or use of this kind of products, equipment will lead to severe energy waste energy-using products and equipment.


The departments for energy conservation under the state council shall, together with the relevant departments under the state council, formulate and promulgate the categories and implementation measures for the elimination of products, equipment and production processes.


According to the provisions of this article, the production unit of a product that consumes high energy in the production process shall implement the standard of energy consumption limit for the unit product.


If the production unit of a product that consumes high energy in the production process exceeds the energy consumption limit standard of the unit, the department in charge of energy conservation shall be ordered to govern within a time limit according to the authority prescribed by the state council. Special equipment for high energy consumption shall be subject to energy conservation examination and supervision in accordance with the provisions of the state council.


Article 18 the state applies energy efficiency labeling management to the use of energy products that are widely used and energy-consuming in the use of household appliances. The product catalogue and implementation measures for the management of energy efficiency labeling shall be formulated and promulgated by the department under the state council for energy conservation work and the product quality supervision department under the state council.


Energy efficiency identification refers to an information label attached to a product or its packaging that represents a performance indicator of the energy efficiency rating of a product. Implement the purpose of the energy efficiency label system, is to provide the necessary information for consumers' purchase decision, enable consumers to compare the performance of energy consumption of different brand products, guide and help consumers select high efficiency and energy saving products, which affects the energy-using products design and marketing, improve product efficiency and energy saving technology progress.


Currently in China, energy efficiency label belongs to compare identity, provide consumers with the relevant product specifications, the level of energy efficiency, energy consumption, execution efficiency standards code information, the information consumers could easily understand.


In accordance with the provisions of this article, the state shall implement energy efficiency labeling management for the use of energy efficient products such as household appliances. This kind of product is mainly refers to those related to social production and people's life, used in the production and living area wide, in use process consumes a large amount of energy, the energy consumption of their products for the energy consumption of energy-using units and individuals has a direct impact on energy-using products, such as boiler, blower, water pump, transport, home appliances and other products.


The product catalogue and implementation measures for the management of energy efficiency labeling shall be formulated and promulgated by the department under the state council for energy conservation work and the product quality supervision department under the state council.


Article 19 the producers and importers shall be included in the national energy efficiency identity management catalogue of energy-using products with energy efficiency label, shall indicate in the product packaging or manual, and submitted to the product quality supervision department under the state council in accordance with the relevant provisions and the management of energy saving work department under the state council jointly authorized institutions for the record. Producers and importers shall be responsible for the accuracy and accuracy of the energy efficiency labeling and related information. It is forbidden to sell products that are marked without energy efficiency labeling. It is forbidden to falsify, falsely use energy efficiency signs or use energy efficiency signs to carry out false propaganda.


Article 20 the producers and sellers of energy-using products, can according to the voluntary principle, energy-saving product certification in accordance with the relevant state provisions, to the certification and accreditation supervision and management department of the state council approved the institution engaged in energy-saving product certification for energy conservation product authentication; After passing the certification, the certificate of energy saving product certification can be obtained, and the certification mark of energy saving product can be used on the product or its packaging. It is forbidden to use forged certificates of energy saving products or to use the certification mark of energy saving products.


Energy-saving product certification, it is to point to by energy-using products producers and sellers, after certification qualifications on the basis of relevant standards and technical requirements, in accordance with the provisions of the program, for eligible energy-using products, through the certification certificate and certification marks, prove that the product is energy saving products.


In accordance with the provisions of this article, the certification of energy conservation products shall apply the principle of voluntariness. The application for the certification of energy conservation products shall be made by the producers and sellers of the products that can be used for the certification of energy conservation products. Pass the certification, obtain the certificate of energy conservation product. Producers and sellers may use energy-conserving product certification marks on their products or their packaging in accordance with the law. This sign is a proof that the quality of energy saving products to consumers must be true and effective. In market competition in order to prevent fake of energy-saving products, the provisions of this article to ban the use of forged energy conservation product authentication marks or use energy conservation product authentication marks, energy saving certification for product must not be fake certification product cheat consumers.


Article 21 the statistics department of the people's government at or above the county level shall, jointly with relevant departments at the same level, to establish and perfect the system of energy statistics, improve statistical index system of energy, improve energy statistical method and specification, to ensure that the energy statistics data is true and complete. The statistics department under the state council together with the management of energy saving work department under the state council, regularly publish to the society of all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government as well as the energy consumption and energy saving of the major energy-consuming industries such as information.


The statistical departments of the people's governments at or above the county level shall refer to the statistics bureau of the national bureau of statistics and the local people's governments at or above the county level. Relevant departments at the same level, including departments in charge of energy conservation at the same level and related industry departments.


So-called energy statistics, is the use of integrated energy system economic index system and measurement form, adopt scientific statistical analysis method, the research of energy exploration, development, production, processing, conversion, transmission, storage, circulation, use and so on each link motion process, the balance of internal regularity and energy system processes such as a special statistical quantitative relation. It reflects the amount of energy balance, and reflect the energy structure of production, consumption structure and consumption direction, as a national energy policy, predict energy demand, and provide scientific basis for energy development planning.


In accordance with the provisions of this article, the statistical departments of the people's governments at or above the county level shall, in conjunction with the relevant departments at the same level, establish a sound energy statistical system and improve the energy statistical index system. Relevant departments in accordance with the provisions of this law to improve and standardize the energy statistics method, changing the past energy statistical method of the single and backward technology, energy to ensure that the data is true and complete.


In accordance with the provisions of this article, the statistics department of the state council jointly with the energy conservation management department under the state council, regularly publish to the society of all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government as well as the energy consumption and energy saving of the major energy-consuming industries such as information. The main energy consumption industry refers to electric power, steel, nonferrous metals, building materials, petroleum processing, chemical industry, coal and other industries.


Article 22 the state encourages the development of energy conservation service institutions and supports energy conservation service agencies to carry out energy conservation consultation, design, evaluation, testing, auditing, certification and other services. The state supports energy conservation service agencies to carry out energy conservation knowledge promotion and energy conservation technology training, and provides energy-saving information, demonstration of energy conservation and other public welfare energy saving services.


The energy saving service organization is a professional organization that implements the marketization operation for the enterprise to improve the energy saving management, the introduction of energy saving technology and equipment to provide consulting, evaluation, testing, auditing, design and other services. Energy saving goal, should play a leading role of the government, to strengthen the enterprise's main body responsibility, promote social public participation, also should give full play to the energy conservation service market functions and role. To promote enterprises to strengthen management, accelerate the reform of energy saving technology, improving energy efficiency, countries should take active tax policy guidance, financial support, and support measures, encourage the development of the energy conservation service agencies, support energy conservation service agencies in energy-saving consulting, design, evaluation, inspection, audit and certification services, promote energy-saving services, broaden the service field, strengthen service ability, improve the level of service.


To encourage energy conservation service agencies for the enterprise provides commercial services at the same time, countries should also support service agencies to carry out knowledge publicity of energy conservation, energy conservation and technical training, to provide information, demonstration, and other public welfare services of energy conservation. Energy services as a professional agency, have to carry out the energy conservation knowledge propaganda and energy-saving technical training, information energy conservation, energy conservation demonstration and other energy-saving service ability, countries should play to the role of the energy conservation service agencies, encourage these institutions to provide social commonweal energy-saving service


Article 23 the state shall encourage the industry association in the industry energy conservation planning, energy-saving standard formulation and implementation, energy-saving technologies, energy consumption statistics, energy saving propaganda and training and information consultation, etc.


Chapter iii rational use and conservation of energy.



Article 24 energy-using units shall, in accordance with the principle of rational use of energy, strengthen energy conservation management, formulate and implement energy conservation plans and measures to reduce energy consumption.


The use of energy units refers to energy use units such as organs, public institutions, enterprises and social organizations. Energy saving is not energy-using units to reduce capacity or other requirements, to reduce energy consumption, but for energy-using units to strengthen energy management, take technically feasible, economically rational, and environmental and social can take measures, more effective and reasonable use of resources. Therefore, energy conservation should be used rationally in terms of energy conservation, and energy conservation management should be strengthened, and energy conservation plans and measures for energy conservation should be formulated and implemented.


We will strengthen energy conservation management, including the implementation of energy conservation laws, regulations and standards, improve the energy conservation management system, establish and improve a scientific energy management system, and use advanced energy management methods. To formulate energy conservation plans and measures for energy conservation should be practical and fully analyze the current situation of energy utilization in this unit, find problems and tap potential. The energy conservation plan should include the principle of energy conservation in the planning period, energy conservation objectives and tasks, and the deployment and arrangement of management, capital, personnel, technology and other aspects of the energy conservation goals. Energy saving technical measures refers to the energy-using units to reduce the energy consumption in the production and operation process, improve the energy efficiency measures, including the introduction of energy-saving technology equipment, the use of advanced production technology, the use of energy-saving materials and other measures. The energy conservation plan and technical measures should be implemented in a practical way.


Article 25 the energy-using units shall establish a system of responsibility for energy conservation, and shall reward the collective and individual who have made achievements in energy conservation.


The responsibility system of energy saving target in energy unit refers to the system of the task and responsibility of the energy saving work position and the assessment system according to the task and responsibility of the energy saving post. In practice, the unit's target responsibility system is usually carried out to the unit leader, workshop, team and related staff. Building energy conservation target responsibility system, the energy-saving target explicit, specific and quantitative, and according to the energy conservation targets and tasks, head to strengthen energy management and energy saving management institutions and personnel, and can use posts of personnel assessment, is conducive to energy-using units to strengthen energy management, guarantee the completion of this unit plans and tasks of energy conservation, improve energy utilization efficiency, reduce energy consumption, improve the economic benefit.


Energy saving award refers to the collective or individual reward of the workshop, class group, etc., which can make achievements in energy conservation work with the honor or material benefit. To complete this job energy-saving task, energy-saving rationalization Suggestions or other achievements in energy conservation and grant rewards to collectives and individuals, to arouse the enthusiasm of energy-using units relevant institutions and personnel and creativity, form the participation of the situation of energy conservation, so as to promote and ensure the completion of this unit energy-saving targets and tasks.


Article 26 energy-using units shall carry out regular education and post - energy conservation training.


Energy use runs through every link in the production and operation of energy units, and energy saving requires the joint efforts of all staff. Through the energy saving education, we can use the employees of the energy unit to establish a stronger sense of energy conservation, enhance the sense of energy conservation, master and improve energy saving skills, and implement them in our daily work. Special energy conservation training for different positions can enhance the efficiency of energy conservation and ensure the efficiency of energy saving.


Relative to the energy saving technical reconstruction, education and job training of energy conservation enterprise technical level and money without limit, can be produced with less investment larger energy saving effect and economic benefits. As an important content of strengthening energy conservation work, energy-using units shall, according to the production and operation of the unit, and the characteristics of the energy-using, education and job training of energy conservation, including we regularly organize training program on energy saving, energy saving education publicity week is held every year, awareness month, entrust service agencies to carry out post training of energy conservation, etc.


Article 27 energy-using units shall strengthen energy metering and management, and shall be equipped and used in accordance with the provisions of the prescribed energy measuring instruments according to law. Energy-using units shall establish a system of energy consumption statistics and energy utilization analysis, implements classified measurement and statistics for all types of energy consumption, and to ensure that the energy consumption statistical data are true and complete.


Energy metering, statistics and analysis is the basis of energy conservation, as long as grasp the true and full of energy consumption statistics data, and earnest summary analysis, to understand the unit energy consumption, energy efficiency, energy conservation and the problems existing in the work, to take targeted measures to reduce energy consumption, improve energy utilization.


(I) energy measurement and management system.


Energy metering management refers to the measurement method by adopting scientific and reasonable setting energy metering device, equipped with qualified energy measuring instruments, strengthening energy maintenance and calibration of measuring instruments, the implementation of measures such as energy metering management responsibility, ensure energy measurement data is true, accurate and complete. Energy-using units energy metering calendar includes the following aspects: (1) to establish energy measurement management system, clear responsibility, management, management methods and management and keep its scientific nature, continuity and the validity; (2) adopt the actual energy measurement method suitable for the unit; (3) to provide and use qualified energy measuring instruments in accordance with the regulations, and to carry out periodic verification of energy measuring instruments; (4) strengthen the collection and record management of energy measurement data, and ensure that the raw data of energy measurement is true, accurate and complete.


(2) energy consumption statistics and energy utilization status analysis system.


Energy consumption statistics refers to activities that summarize and summarize energy measurement data according to regulations. Is the purpose of energy consumption statistics on the basis of energy metering for true, accurate and complete the energy consumption of summary data, for energy-using units of production and management decision-making and develop a plan of energy saving, energy saving measures are taken to provide reliable basis.


To establish and improve the energy utilization analysis system is conducive to the use of energy units to master the energy utilization status of the unit, the problems existing in the energy conservation work, and to propose targeted energy-saving improvement measures.


Article 28 an energy production and business operation entity may not provide energy to its employees for free. No unit shall carry out package fee system for energy consumption.


Article 29 the state council and the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government promote the optimization of the development and utilization of energy resources and the reasonable configuration, promote is advantageous to the energy industry structure adjustment, optimization of energy structure and layout of the enterprises.


According to the provisions of this article, the state council and the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government shall do the following two aspects:


(1) to promote the optimal development and utilization of energy resources and rational allocation.


The first is to formulate the overall development plan of coal, oil, natural gas, coal bed methane and other major energy resources; Optimize the allocation of coal, oil, gas and hydroelectric resources; Overall planning for energy development, transportation, storage, processing, conversion and fuel substitution; Optimize and adjust the energy structure to realize efficient utilization of energy resources. The second is to promote the large capacity of coal pit and the power generation of large hydropower stations. In the absence of energy resources, the development of safe nuclear technology; In the heat load concentration area, promote the combined heat and power generation, heat, electricity and cold triplex generation; We will carry out energy-saving electricity dispatching, and promote large capacity, long distance and safe economic transmission. The power system is forbidden to build new fuel power plants. Third, we will promote the efficient development and utilization of coal resources, develop large-scale and intensive mining technologies, and improve the recovery rate. To encourage and support the development and promotion of coal chemical, coal liquefaction alternative oil and clean coal technology; A small coal mine with low recovery rate and no safety conditions.


(2) promote the adjustment of industries that are conducive to energy conservation, and optimize the use of energy structure and enterprise departments.


The first is to control the rapid growth of high-energy and polluting industries. We will strictly control new energy-intensive and highly polluting projects. Establish new project management department linkage mechanism and project approval and accountability system. Implement all policies to limit the export of energy-intensive, highly polluting, intensify difference tariff implementation, organize to high-polluting, high-energy consuming industries for energy conservation and emissions reduction work special inspection, cleaning and correct preferential policies to high-polluting, high-energy consuming industries, etc. Second, we will step up efforts to eliminate backward production capacity in industries such as power, steel, building materials, electrolytic aluminum, iron alloy, calcium carbide, coke, coal and flat glass. To schedule out of enterprises, the local people's governments at various levels should be shut down in accordance with the relevant departments of the revocation of production licenses and discharge permit in accordance with the law and to release, to power supply enterprises in accordance with the law to stop the power supply. Exit a mechanism to establish the backward production capacity, conditional place to allocate funds to support the backward production capacity, the central government by increasing transfer payments, in economically underdeveloped areas give appropriate subsidies and incentives. Third, we will improve policies and measures to promote structural adjustment in the industry. Encourage the development of low-energy, low-pollution advanced production capacity; According to the situation of different industries, it is appropriate to improve the access standards of construction projects in land, environmental protection, energy conservation, technology and safety. We will encourage foreign investors to invest in energy conservation and environmental protection, strictly limit energy-intensive and highly polluting foreign-funded projects, and promote the upgrading of the industrial structure of foreign investment. Fourth, we will actively promote energy restructuring.


Article 30 managing the department in charge of the energy conservation under the state council jointly with the departments concerned under the state council shall formulate the electric power, steel, non-ferrous metals, building materials, petroleum processing, chemical industry, coal and other energy saving technology for major energy-consuming industry policy, promote enterprise energy-saving technological transformation.


Industry is the large energy consumption in our country, the industry of electric power, steel, non-ferrous metals, building materials, petroleum processing, chemical industry, coal and other major energy-consuming industries and industrial energy consumption, the energy the country industry accounts for about a half of the total energy consumption. As soon as possible in the major energy-consuming industry policy formulation and implementation of energy-saving technology, to guide the direction of energy saving technology research and development, energy saving project investment focus, for the preparation of energy development and utilization planning and energy conservation planning to provide technical support, thus promote the energy-saving technological transformation of the industry, achieve national energy saving goal, which is of great significance,,,,


The management of energy saving work department under the state council shall be based on the provisions of this article, combining with the characteristics of energy intensive industries in conjunction with the departments concerned under the state council shall formulate energy-saving technology policy of energy-intensive industries, promote enterprise energy-saving technological transformation.


Energy-saving technology policy, referred to in this article refers to countries to implement the scientific concept of development, building a resource-conserving and environmentally friendly society and realize the national economic and social development of energy-saving targets set out in the 11th five-year plan, and promote energy-saving technology research, development, promotion, application program and measures. Energy saving technology, it is to point to improve the efficiency and effectiveness, energy development and utilization technology contain energy waste of resources, including the optimization of the development and utilization of energy resources application technology, single energy-saving transformation technology and system integration of energy saving technology, production technology of energy-saving and energy-using equipment, can be directly or indirectly to reduce energy consumption of the new material development and application technology, and can save energy, improve the use efficiency of management technology, etc. The main energy-consuming industry should take effective measures to promote the transformation of energy-saving technologies in the industry according to the requirements of the energy conservation technology policy outline and the actual situation of different industries.


Article 31 the state shall encourage industrial enterprises with high efficiency, energy saving, boiler, furnace, fan motor, pump and other equipment, using cogeneration, utilization of by-product heat pressure and clean coal and advanced energy monitoring and control technology.


To achieve energy conservation and consumption reduction, technological progress is fundamental. It is of great importance for enterprises to adopt efficient energy-saving equipment and advanced application of energy-saving technologies, and to reduce consumption, improve energy efficiency and achieve energy conservation goals. According to the provisions of this article, the state encourages industrial enterprises to adopt the following advanced energy-saving equipment and technologies:


(1) adopt efficient and energy-saving motors, fans, pumps and other equipment.


To encourage industrial enterprises with high efficiency and energy saving of electric motors, fans, pumps and other equipment, the state shall adopt with independent corporate transformation is given priority to, complementary with government guidance, encourage and support the professional energy conservation services USES equipment contract for financial leasing, energy and other market mechanisms such as advancing the class products, renovating or reforming the equipment.


(2) adopt efficient and energy-saving industrial boilers and kilns.


It is necessary to update industrial boilers and furnaces as soon as possible. Therefore, the state adopts measures to formulate and revise relevant regulations and technical standards, promote the renovation of industrial boilers and furnaces, limit the production of backward boilers, and eliminate backward boilers. We will encourage the development and promotion of new technologies and equipment for energy conservation and consumption of industrial boilers and kilns, and continuously improve the energy efficiency of industrial boilers and kilns and reduce energy waste.


(3) adopt advanced and applicable energy-saving technologies.


1. Cogeneration technology. It is a system that produces both steam and electricity. It can save energy, improve the environment and increase the power supply.


2. Residual thermal pressure utilization technology. It refers to the recovery and utilization of residual heat and pressure generated in the production process to save energy and reduce pollution technology. At present, China's iron and steel, non-ferrous, coal, building materials, chemical industry, textile and other industries of underutilized by-product heat pressure, a large number of empty, caused the serious waste of energy, should fully take advantage of, to save energy.


3. Clean coal technology. It is one of the leading technologies for solving environmental problems in the world, in order to reduce pollution and improve the efficiency of coal processing, combustion, transformation and pollution control.


4. Advanced use of energy monitoring and control technology. The use of energy monitoring and control technology is the technology to monitor the use of energy and control energy use in a timely manner. In order to strengthen the use and management of energy, it is of great importance to detect excessive energy consumption in time and prevent excessive use and waste of energy.


Article 32 power grid enterprises shall, in accordance with the relevant departments under the state council, formulate energy-saving power generation dispatching management regulation, clean, efficient and in conformity with the provisions pressure cogeneration, use of waste heat power generation units, and other comprehensive utilization of resources conformity with the provisions of generators and power grid parallel operation, feed-in tariffs to perform the relevant provisions of the state.


Long-term since, our country power generation scheduling in power plant or generating set, roughly the average distribution of all kinds of unit capacity index, lead to big power plants regardless of high and low energy consumption, has essentially the same generating hours, this is not conducive to large efficient environmental protection unit, improve the electric power industry energy efficiency, save energy and reduce environmental pollution, to promote the structural adjustment of energy and power. Forward in order to reverse this situation, the state council general office of the national development and reform commission and other departments formulate measures of energy-saving power generation dispatching, according to the principle of energy saving, economy, according to the unit energy consumption and pollutant emission levels from low to high sorting, energy-saving is preferred to generate electricity, the level of energy consumption at the same time, according to the pollutant emission levels from low to high, to minimize energy, resource consumption and pollutant emissions. According to the regulation of energy-saving power generation dispatching method, all kinds of generator set to determine the order in the following order: (1) no adjustment ability of wind energy, solar energy, oceanic energy, renewable energy sources such as hydropower generating units; (2) capable of regulating water energy, biomass energy, geothermal energy and other renewable energy generating sets and garbage generating sets that meet environmental requirements; (3) nuclear power generating set; (4) the coal-fired thermal power generation unit operating in the mode of "heat setting power" shall be used for the comprehensive utilization of power generation units, such as residual heat, residual gas, residual pressure, coal gangue, washing coal, coal bed methane and other resources. (5) natural gas and coal gasification generating set; (6) other coal-fired power generating units, including thermal power without thermal load; Co-production unit; (7) fuel generator set.


Article 33 it is forbidden to build new coal-fired power generating units, oil-fired generating units and coal-fired thermal power units that do not meet the requirements of the state.


So-called do not conform to the provisions of the state of coal, fuel power generation units and coal-fired thermal power units, refers to those small capacity, low efficiency, high pollution of the generator and power units, such as power plants, small steam ChunNing coal-fired power generating units, etc. China's power industry has a high proportion of thermal power units, and consumes more than half of the country's coal and sulfur dioxide emissions.


In order to realize the energy saving of the eleventh five-year plan to determine objectives, specifically, countries should seize the current power industry rapid development, the contradiction between supply and demand of electric power to alleviate the favorable opportunity, speed up the closure is not in conformity with the provisions of the thermal power unit, fuel generator set, propulsion power industry structure adjustment, energy conservation and emissions reduction, and formulate the corresponding provisions. Power plants shut down range, mainly including power grid within range of the stand-alone capacity of 50000 mw and below the thermal power unit, single machine 100000 mw and below, and run with 20 years of conventional thermal power unit, and the other is not to achieve energy conservation and environmental protection standard, the power supply coal consumption obviously on the high side and has reached the design of thermal power unit operation. If the rectification still fails to meet the requirements of the state, the cogeneration and the comprehensive utilization of resources shall be shut down; During the non-heating period, the thermal power units that are obviously on the high side should stop running or restrict the power generation during the non-heating period. For some units that may affect local heating or power supply safety after the shutdown, it may be suspended if the assessment is true. During the 11th five-year plan period, the state will give priority to local and enterprises that have achieved remarkable results in the construction of new power supply projects and construction scale.


Article 34 the competent department of construction under the state council shall be responsible for the supervision and administration of building energy conservation throughout the country. The competent departments of construction of local people's governments at or above the county level shall be responsible for the supervision and administration of building energy conservation within their respective administrative areas. The construction departments of the local people's governments at or above the county level shall, together with the departments in charge of energy conservation at the same level, compile the building energy conservation plans within their respective administrative areas. Building energy conservation plan should include existing building energy conservation plan.


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